Educational psychology is the study of how humans learn in educational settings, the effectiveness of educational interventions, the psychology of teaching, and the social psychology of schools as organizations. Educational psychology is concerned with how students learn and develop, often focusing on subgroups such as gifted children and those subject to specific disabilities.
Scope of Educational Psychology
The scope of Educational Psychology is vast as it deals with the behavioral and social development of an individual. It also helps in the structuring of individual perspective, which in turn leads to the development individualities ad personality traits. Educational Psychology states that the development of the human brain can be traced and classified in four stages, which are levels of the child's relationship with the surroundings. In these four stages a child develops cognitive abilities and social understanding. These four stages also determine the abilities of creativity, intelligence, morality and motivation in a child. Educational Psychology also studies the much-debated Heredity versus Environment aspect of a child's mental and behavioral development. There are instances when children of the same class have varied levels of understanding regarding a concept; in this case Educational Psychology aims to analyze the reason for the difference.
Educational Psychology defines the primary and secondary needs of a child and provides him or her effective methods of learning so that the learned content is registered inn the memory of the child. Creativity is also one aspect, which is dealt in Educational Psychology, and the latter encourages the development of the former. A school should definitely have an Educational Psychologist to ensure the all round development of its students motivating them, guiding them and counseling them in regular intervals. It has been observed that Educational psychology enhances the power of observation, understanding, listening, responding and application
Educational Psychology, as the name suggests, deals with the education of humans and the various aspects like the conditions in which the effectiveness can be enhanced.
Educational psychology in turn informs a wide range of specialties within educational studies, including instructional design, educational technology, curriculum development, organizational learning, special education and classroom management. Educational psychology both draws from and contributes to cognitive science and the learning sciences. In universities, departments of educational psychology are usually housed within faculties of education, possibly accounting for the lack of representation of educational psychology content in introductory psychology textbooks.
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